12- ترجمة معانى سورة يوسف
Chapter of Joseph
[In the name of Allah, the All-Merciful, the Ever-Merciful.]
1- A (Alif), L (Lam), R (Ra’). These are the revelations of the Perspicuous Book.
2- We have sent it down as an Arabic Qur’an (reading) that you may understand.
3- We narrate to you the best stories (about the previous generations) by inspiring you this Qur’an, for indeed, you were before it of those who were unaware (of the truth about them).
4- When Joseph said to his father, “O father, I saw (in a dream) eleven stars, and the sun, and the moon; indeed I saw them prostrating themselves to me.”
5- He (his father, Jacob) said, “O my son, do not relate your vision to your brothers for they may scheme a plot against you, for surely Satan is an avowed enemy of man.
6- For thus Allah shall choose you, and He shall teach you of the interpretation of dreams and visions, and He shall complete His favour upon you and upon the family of Jacob as He had completed it before upon your two (fore)fathers: Abraham and Isaac; for indeed, Allah is Omniscient, All-Wise.”
7- Surely in (the story of) Joseph and his brothers are lessons for those who inquire (about Joseph).
8- When they (Joseph’s brothers) said, “Joseph and his (full) brother (Benjamin) are certainly more beloved by our father than us although we are a (strong) band (and more useful to him); indeed, our father is in manifest error (by preferring them)!
9- (So) Kill Joseph, or cast him away in some (far) land so that your father’s favours may be yours alone, and then after it (the crime) you can become righteous people (again).”
10- One among them said, “Do not kill Joseph, but throw him into the dark bottom of the well; for he will be picked up by some caravan of travellers if you must do something.”
11- They said, “O our father, why do you not trust us with Joseph, for we are his sincere well-wishers?
12- Send him with us tomorrow to feast himself and play, and we shall take very good care of him.”
13- He (Jacob) said, “It really grieves me that you take him away with you, for I fear that the wolf may eat him while you are heedless of him.”
14- They said, “Surely, if the wolf were to eat him, while we are a (strong) band, then surely we should be losers (and useless).”
15- So, when they went away with him, and they unanimously agreed to cast him (Joseph) into the dark bottom of the well, We inspired him (to ease his mind), “You shall (later) tell them of this deed of theirs while they are not aware of you (your true identity).”
16- And they came to their father in the early part of the night, weeping.
17- They said, “O our father, we went to race each other, and we left Joseph with our belongings, and the wolf ate him! Bur you will not believe us even when we are truthful!”
18- And they came with false blood on his shirt. He (Jacob said), “Nay, your own selves prompted you to some (evil) deed, so (for me) patience is most fitting, for Allah is the One sought for help against what you falsely claim.”
19- And a caravan of travellers came, and they sent their water-seeker, and he let down his bucket (into the well). He said: “What glad tidings, it is a youth!” And they concealed him (from the others, to be sold) as merchandise; but Allah knew full-well all that they did.
20- And they (who held him) traded him for a cheap price, a few drachmas: for they deemed him worthless!
21- And the one who bought him in Egypt, said to his wife, “Make his stay (among us) honourable: maybe he will benefit us, or we can adopt him as a son.” And thus did We endow Joseph with power in the land, and in order to teach him of the interpretation of dreams and visions; for indeed Allah had full power and control over His affairs; but most people do not know (that).
22- And when he (Joseph) attained his full strength (and maturity), We bestowed upon him (Our boon of) sound judgement and knowledge; for thus do We reward the good-doers.
23- But she, in whose house he was, sought to seduce him: she bolted the doors, and said, “Hey you, come on!” He said, “Allah forbid! For he (your husband) is my master, who made my stay agreeable; indeed, the wrongdoers never prosper!”
24- And she was about to have him, and he was about to have her, but he saw a sign from his Lord; for thus did We turn evil and obscenity away from him, for he is of Our purified servants.
25- So they both raced one another to the door (Joseph to escape, and she to prevent him), and she tore his shirt from behind, but they found her master at the door. She said, “What is the penalty for him who desires evil for you wife except to be imprisoned or (to have) a painful punishment?”
26- He (Joseph) said, “She solicited me for myself.” And a far-seeing man from her people said (gave his expert opinion) that if his (Joseph’s) shirt had been ripped from the front, then her tale was true, and he was among the liars;
27- but if his shirt had been torn from behind, then she lied, and he is among the truthful.”
28- And when he (their master) saw that his shirt had been torn from behind, he said, “Surely this is of your guile (O women), indeed your guile is great!
29- O Joseph, leave and forget this (matter), and (you woman) ask forgiveness for your sin for you were among the sinners!”
30- And some women in the city said, “The wife of the Exalted One (the Aziz) is soliciting her slave for himself; truly he has smitten her with love: and indeed, we see that she is in manifest error!”
31- And when she heard of their malicious gossip, she sent to them, and she prepared couches for them, and gave each one of them a knife, and she said, “Come out to them!” And when they saw him (Joseph), they glorified him, and (in their amazement) chopped their hands: and they said, “No imperfection can be ascribed to Allah! This is no mortal! Indeed this is a noble angel!”
32- She said, “This is he about whom you blamed me, and I have already solicited him for his person but he preserved himself guiltless, so if he does not do what I command him to do, he will certainly be imprisoned, and shall be of the disgraced!”
33- He said, “My Lord, prison is more to my liking than what they call me to; and unless You turn their guile away from me, I may (in my youthful folly) be attracted to them, and join the ranks of the ignorant.”
34- So Allah answered his prayer, and turned their guile away from him, for He is the All-Hearing, the Omniscient.
35- Then it occurred to them (the Exalted One and his counsellors), after they had seen the signs (of his innocence), (that it was best) to imprison him for a time (to get him away from his wife and to stop gossip).
36- And two young men entered prison with him. One of them said, “I saw myself (in my dream) pressing (grapes to make) wine,” and the other said, “I saw myself carrying bread, on my head, from which birds were eating.” (Both said,)”Tell us its interpretation for we see that you are of the good-doers!”
37- He said, “No food shall you be provided with, but I shall tell you of its interpretation before it comes to you, for that is of what my Lord has taught me. For indeed, I have forsaken the religion of a people who do not believe in Allah, and they are indeed disbelievers in the Hereafter.
38- And I have followed the religion of my fathers: Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, for in no way can we associate anything with Allah. And that is from the grace of Allah upon us and upon mankind, but most people are not grateful.
39- O my two fellows in prison (I ask you), ‘Are diverse lords (differing among themselves) better, or Allah, the One, the Ever-Conquering?’
40- You do not worship, other than Him, except (mere) names that you have devised, you and your fathers, for which Allah has not sent down any authority. Indeed, judgement belongs only to Allah, He decreed that you do not worship other than Him; for that is the upright religion, but most people do not know (that).
41- O my two fellows in prison, as for one of you, he shall give wine to his master to drink, as for the other, he shall be crucified, and the birds shall eat of his head. The matter you both consulted (me) about is settled.”
42- And he said to the one whom he thought shall survive, “Mention me to your master.” But the Evil One made him forget reminding his master, and so, he (Joseph) stayed in prison for several years.
43- And the king said, “I saw (in my dream) seven fat cows that were devoured by seven lean cows, and seven green ears of wheat, and another seven withered ears. O chiefs of the people, give me your opinion of my vision if you can interpret visions.
44- They said, “(They are probably only) Jumbled dreams, and we have no knowledge of the interpretation of dreams.”
45- Then the one, of the two (fellow prisoners), who survived (prison), and remembered after a time, said, “I can tell you its interpretation, so send me (to Joseph).”
46- (He said,) “Joseph, O man of truth, give us your considered opinion about seven fat cows that are devoured by seven lean ones, and seven green ears (of wheat), and other withered ones, that I might return to the people that they may know.”
47- He (Joseph) said, “For seven years you shall diligently sow, and whatever (harvest) you reap, you shall leave in the ear, except a little, of which you shall eat.
48- Then there will come after that seven hard ones (years), which shall devour what you have laid by in advance for them, (all) except a little of what you have (specially) guarded.
49- After that will come a year during which the people shall be succoured (by rain or the flood of the Nile), and during which they shall press (fruits and olives for wine and oil).”
50- The king said, “Bring him to me!” But when the messenger (of the king) came to him, he (Joseph) said, “Return to your master, and ask him what was the matter with the women who chopped their hands, for my master (the exalted one) knows full-well about their guile.”
51- He (the king) said (to the women), “What is the matter with you that you solicited Joseph for himself?” They said, “No imperfection can be ascribed to Allah! We know of him (Joseph) no evil!” And the wife of the exalted one said, “Now the truth is revealed! I solicited him, and indeed he is among the truthful (men)!”
52- (And then Joseph said), “That (enquiry that I asked for) is to make him (the exalted one) know that I did not betray him in his absence, and that Allah does not guide the guile of the treacherous.
53- Nor do I absolve my own self (of blame): for the (human) soul is certainly prone to evil, except those upon whom my Lord has bestowed His Mercy: for surely my Lord is All-Forgiving, Ever-Merciful.”
54- And the king said, “Bring him to me; I shall secure him for my own (service),” and when he talked to him (Joseph), he said, “Surely, you are with us this day of high rank, and (fully) trusted.”
55- He (Joseph) said, “Appoint me over the storehouses of the land, for I am a knowledgeable keeper.”
56- And thus did We endow Joseph with power in the land, to abide in it wherever he desires (after being imprisoned), for We bestow Our mercy upon whom We please, and We do not allow the reward of the good-doers to be lost.
57- And indeed, the reward of the Hereafter is better for those who believed and used to fear Allah.
58- And Joseph’s brothers came (because of the famine), and they entered his presence, and he knew them but they did not recognise him.
59- And when he (Joseph) provided them with their provisions, he said, “Bring me a brother of yours, from your father; do you not see that I give full measure, and that I am the best of hosts?
60- But if do not bring him to me, then there shall be no (more) provisions for you with me, nor shall you (even) approach me.”
61- They said, “We will try to convince our father about him: this we shall certainly do!”
62- He (Joseph) said to his servants, “Put their merchandise (that they came with) into their saddles that they may recognize it when they go back so that they may return.”
63- And when they returned to their father, they said, “O our father, (more) provisions are denied us (unless we take our brother), so send our brother with us to get provisions, and we shall certainly take good care of him.”
64- He (Jacob) said, “Can I entrust him with you, except as I had entrusted you before with his brother? But indeed Allah is the Best of Keepers, and He is the Most Merciful of the Merciful.”
65- And when they opened their baggage, they found that their merchandise had been returned to them. They said, “O our father what (more) can we desire? This, our merchandise, has been returned to us: so we shall get provisions for our family, and we shall take good care of our brother, and (at the same time) be richer by a camel’s load of provisions. That is but an easily-acquired quantity.”
66- He (Jacob) said, “I will not send him with you until you give me a binding oath, in the name of Allah, that you will bring him back to me; unless you are prevented by force.” And when they gave him their binding oath, he said, “May Allah be Trustee over what we have just been saying.”
67- And he said, “O my sons, do not enter from one gate, and enter through separate gates (as a precaution) as I can not avail you anything against (the will of) Allah; for verily, the decision belongs only to Allah: on Him I put my trust: and on Him let all who trust (Allah) put their trust.”
68- And when they entered from where their father had commanded them, nothing would have availed them anything against (the will of) Allah for it was but a desire of Jacob’s soul (to protect his sons), which he fulfilled. Indeed, Jacob was endowed with knowledge for We taught him (that one must do all that he can, and trust to the rest with Allah), but most people do not know.
69- And when they entered before Joseph, he sheltered his brother with him, and said, “I am your brother, so do not grieve over what they used to do.”
70- And when he (Joseph) provided them with their provisions, he put the drinking cup (of the king) in his brother’s saddle. And then a crier called out, “O you (of the) caravan behold, you are certainly thieves!”
71- And they said, as they drew near, “What is it that you miss?”
72- They said, “We miss the drinking cup of the king; and whoever brings it will have (the reward of) a camel’s load (of provisions); and I will be guarantor of that.”
73- They said, “By Allah, you know that we did not come to make mischief in the land, and certainly we are no thieves!”
74- They said, “Then what should be his (the thief’s) punishment if you are lying?”
75- They (the brothers) said, “The punishment of him in whose saddle it (the drinking cup) is found is that he himself be its repayment (to be enslaved), for thus do we punish the wrongdoers.”
76- So he started (the search) with their bags, before (he came to) the bag of his brother: at length he brought it out from his brother’s bag. Thus did We scheme for Joseph for he could not have taken his brother according to the king’s law, unless Allah had willed it. We raise the rank of whom We please (like Joseph) for indeed above every one with knowledge there is one who is more knowledgeable (up to Allah who is the Omniscient).
77- They (the brothers) said, “If he (Benjamin) stole, then indeed a (full-)brother of his had stolen before (implying that they inherited the tendency to stealing from their mother). So Joseph concealed it (his anger) within himself, and did not reveal it to them. He said (to himself), “Your situation is evil indeed, but Allah knows full-well all that you falsely allege!”
78- They said, “O exalted one, he (Benjamin) has a father who is a very old man (and dotes on him), so take one of us in his place, for we see that you are of the good-doers!”
79- He (Joseph) said, “Allah forbid that we take other than him with whom we found our property: for then indeed, we would be wrongdoers.”
80- So, when they saw no hope of him (Joseph), they went aside to confer privately. Their elder said, “Do you not know that your father has taken from you a binding oath in the name of Allah, and before that you neglected your duty towards Joseph? I shall not quit the land till my father gives me leave, or till Allah judges for me, for He is the Best of Judges.
81- So return to your father, and say, ‘O our father, Your son has stolen, and we testify only about what we know for we are no keepers of the unseen (secrets).
82- And ask the (people of) the town we were in, and the (people of) the caravan in which we came, for indeed we are truthful.'”
84- He (Jacob) said, “Nay, your own selves prompted you to some (evil) deed, so patience is most fitting (for me), for it may be that Allah shall bring them all back to me. He is indeed the Omniscient, the All-Wise.”
85- And he turned away from them, and said, “How great is my sorrow!” And his eyes turned white from sorrow for he choked with restrained grief.
86- They said, “By Allah, you will persist in remembering Joseph till you become worn out, or be one of those who perish.”
97- He said, “I only complain of my anguish and grief to Allah, for I know from Allah that which you do not know.
87- O my sons, go and enquire secretly after Joseph and his brother, and never give up hope of Allah’s soothing mercy: truly no one despairs of Allah’s mercy, except the disbelieving people.”
88- Then, when they entered into his (Joseph’s) presence they said, “O exalted one, we and our family have been afflicted with distress, and we have (now) brought but unwanted merchandise (for you previously returned it to us): but pay us full measure, and give it to us as charity: for Allah does reward the charitable.”
89- He (Joseph) said, “Do you know what you have done with Joseph and his (full-)brother when you were ignorant?”
90- They said, “Are you indeed Joseph?” He said, “I am Joseph, and this is my brother (Benjamin); for indeed Allah has bestowed His bounties upon us. Verily, he who fears Allah and patiently perseveres, then surely Allah shall not allow the reward of the good-doers to be lost.”
91- They said, “By Allah, Allah has indeed favoured you over us, for indeed, we were sinners.”
92- He (Joseph) said, “This day, there shall be no blame upon you. May Allah forgive you, for He is the Most Merciful of the Merciful.
93- Go with this shirt of mine, and throw it upon my father’s face, and he shall recover his sight, and bring to me all your family.”
94- And when the caravan left (Egypt), their father (Jacob) said, “I do indeed detect the scent of Joseph: unless you think me a dotard.”
95- They (Jacob’s family) said, “By Allah, you are still (lost) in your old delusion!”
96- And then, when the bearer of glad tidings arrived, he cast it (the shirt) upon his face, and he recovered his sight. He (Jacob) said, “Did I not tell you that I know from Allah that which you do not know?”
97- They (his sons) said, “O our father, ask forgiveness (from Allah), on our behalf, for our sins; for we were indeed sinners!”
98- He said, “I shall ask forgiveness on your behalf from our Lord, for He is indeed, the All-Forgiving, the Ever-Merciful!”
99- And when they (Jacob and his family) entered before Joseph, he sheltered his parents with him, and he said, “Enter Egypt, by Allah’s will, safe and secure!”
100- And he raised his parents (with him) upon the throne, and they (his brothers) fell down in prostration before him, and he said, “O my father, this is the interpretation of my vision (that I saw) before, Allah has made it come true! And He was indeed good to me when He took me out of prison, and brought you (all here) out of the desert, after Satan had incited evil between me and my brothers. Verily, Allah is gracious towards whom He pleases, for He is the Omniscient, the All-Wise.
101- My Lord! You have bestowed upon me some sovereignty, and You taught me the interpretation of dreams. O Creator of Heavens and Earth, You are my protector in this world and in the Hereafter, (please), take my soul as a Muslim (one who submits wholly to Allah), and join me with the doers of good!”
102- That (story) is of the news of the unseen that We have inspired you (O Muhammad) with, for were you not present with them when they concerted their plans together as they schemed.
103- For indeed, most people will not be believers, even if you are full of care for them.
104- And you (Muhammad) do not ask them (the disbelievers) for any reward for it (the Qur’an); for indeed, it is only a reminder for all creation.
105- And how many a sign in the heavens and the earth that they pass by; yet they turn away from it!
106- And indeed, most of them do not believe in Allah (alone) without their associating partners with Him.
107- Do they then feel secure against the coming upon them of an overwhelming veil of Allah’s punishment, or that the Hour (of Judgement) may come upon them suddenly while they are unaware?
108- Say (O Muhammad), “This is my pathway (the Straight Path of Allah), I call (mankind) to Allah with eye-opening evidence, I and whoever follows me (do that); Glory be to Allah, for indeed, I am not of those who associate partners with Allah!”
109- And indeed, We did not send to the people of the communities any but men (not angels) that We inspired. Have they not traveled through the land, and seen the final reward of those who were before them. Verily, the abode of the Hereafter is better for those who fear Allah! Will you not then understand?
110- At length, when the Messengers saw no hope (of their people believing), and (some irresolute Messengers) thought that they were denied what they had been promised (of Allah’s help), Our help came to them, and We safely delivered whom We pleased; for Our punishing power can not be turned back from the wrongdoing people. (see 21:87)
111- Verily, in their (the Messengers’) narratives is a lesson for people with understanding, for it is not a fabricated story, but it is a confirmation of that which went before it (of Scriptures), a detailed explanation of everything (needed for religion), a guide, and a mercy for people who believe.